Lifestyle

Validation of continuous theta-burst stimulation as a way to reduce neuronal excitability

Transcranial magnetic stimulation, a form of non-invasive brain stimulation, has been used for the past 35 years to investigate brain function in health and disease. Applied to quantify causal changes in brain activity during movement performance and cognitive behaviors, the technique has led to the definition of a detailed causal brain map underpinning each particular […]

Lifestyle

Foster family placement leads to sustained cognitive gains after severe early deprivation

Millions of children worldwide are under legal guardianship of the state, often due to abuse, neglect, parental death or other circumstances—leaving governments to determine how best to care for them. The Bucharest Early Intervention Project has shed light on ways to improve the quality of caregiving for children. Initiated in 2000, the BEIP is a […]

Lifestyle

Study finds white children more likely to be overdiagnosed for ADHD

The researchers analyzed data from 1,070 U.S. elementary school children who had previously displayed above-average behavioral, academic or executive functioning the year before their initial ADHD diagnoses. The team said those children were considered unlikely to have ADHD by the researchers because children diagnosed and treated for ADHD should display chronically inattentive, hyperactive or impulsive […]

Lifestyle

Patients prefer stool test to colonoscopy

Three-quarters of people prefer to do a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) rather than a colonoscopy for their regular colorectal cancer screening. Unlike colonoscopies, FIT doesn’t require lengthy preparation, diet changes or sedation. Patients are asked to simply provide a stool sample using a test kit, which can be mailed to their home or picked up […]

Lifestyle

What do aged care residents do all day? We tracked their time use to find out

What’s the daily routine like for older people in residential aged care facilities? To find out, we spent 312 hours observing 39 residents at six Australian aged care facilities to learn how and where they spend their time across the day. We wanted to know how socially engaged residents actually were and how this could […]

Lifestyle

Study of cancer immunotherapy patients reveals markers of treatment response

The treatment of blood cancers has dramatically improved in the last five years, thanks to a new class of cancer immunotherapies called CAR-T cell therapy. This therapy—which involves engineering a patient’s own T cells in the lab to kill cancer cells and then infusing them back into the patient—cures about 40% of people with otherwise […]